Patent Research

 KramerAmado addresses the needs of a wide range of clientele, from individual inventors and start-up companies to Fortune 500 corporations. It also offers its uniquely varied and stringent search services to other intellectual property law firms around the world. Areas of expertise include patentability, novelty, and prior art searches, infringement, clearance, validity and state-of-the-art searches.

KramerAmado’s time, effort, and intensive research capabilities – all performed in-house by its own staff – are the reason for its distinction in the world of intellectual property law. The team performs in-depth searches across the most relevant patent classes and subclasses according to the USPTO Classification Schedule. Additionally, they combine database searching with manual searching on-site at the USPTO, along with using the resources of its own considerable library network. They are also renowned for its expertise in finding non-patent literature to provide a broader view of prior art and support invalidity arguments.

KramerAmado has become a leader in patent research by overlaying multiple research methods to most accurately uncover the most relevant prior art available. KramerAmado’s team members focus on specific technologies based on their own professional and technical backgrounds. Also working directly with the Examiners at the USPTO to establish the most accurate field of search.

 

Methods of Patent Research

Database and Electronic Searching – KramerAmado has extensive capabilities for performing in-house database-driven research to locate relevant U.S. and foreign patents, documents, articles, brochures, theses, dissertations and other items. KramerAmado has compiled one of the most extensive collections of database resources.

Manual Searching at the United States Patent and Trademark Office – KramerAmado’s physical proximity to the USPTO affords it an undeniable advantage, in that it routinely performs manual searches through the USPTO's files and archives. A manual search includes a review of patents and published patent applications classified in a particular class or subclass, or across multiple areas covering the technology in question. This manual search method includes on-site research in the search room of the USPTO along with personal consultation with Patent Examiners.

Library Searching – In addition to the databases and archives of the USPTO, KramerAmado searches for relevant prior art and documents across several other library resources in the Washington, DC area surrounding its main office. These non-patent libraries include, but are not limited to, the Library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, as well as local technical libraries and those at the University of Maryland, George Washington University and Georgetown University.

Searching in Conjunction with Foreign Associates – KramerAmado has developed advantageous relationships with foreign associates in leading intellectual property countries, especially Europe and Japan. These associates range from attorneys to patent agents, allowing for effective utilization of international contacts and non-patent literature in countries around the world .

 

Types of Patent Research

  •  Patentability/Prior Art/Novelty Search – This determines if prior art exists that would prevent an idea or invention from being patented. KramerAmado’s attorneys, patent agents and technology specialists search for any pre-existing documents that a Patent Examiner would likely use against a patent application during examination. The search may uncover relevant documents including U.S. and foreign patents, published patent applications and non-patent printed publications such as thesis papers and dissertations.
  • Validity Search – This determines the validity of an issued patent by locating any prior art documents or references that would invalidate the claims of interest. This search focuses on documents predating the priority date of the patent in question. KramerAmado’s team also reviews the file history to best understand the points of novelty.
  • Infringement Search – This compares a client’s proposed product, method or idea to non-expired U.S. patents and determines whether any patent claims read on the client’s proposed product or method. The search uncovers relevant U.S. patents and published patent applications, and can be expanded to include foreign patents and patent applications.
  • Clearance Search – This is similar to an infringement search, but also looks to uncover expired prior art documents. Clearance searches are also referred to as "freedom-to-use", "freedom-to-practice" or "right-to-use searches".
  • State-of-the-Art Search – This is conducted when a broad, general inventive concept still must be given a final, more precise embodiment. Based on the broadness of the proposed product, idea or method, KramerAmado’s team may uncover a large number of references ranging from U.S. patents to published patent applications and can be expanded to include foreign patents and non-patent publications.
  • Collection Search – This locates U.S. patents still in force, published patent applications and also expired patents now in the public domain for the specific subject matter.
  • Database and Electronic Searching – KramerAmado has extensive capabilities for performing in-house database-driven research to locate relevant U.S. and foreign patents, documents, articles, brochures, theses, dissertations and other items. KramerAmado has compiled one of the most extensive collections of database resources.
  • Manual Searching at the United States Patent and Trademark Office – KramerAmado’s physical proximity to the USPTO affords us an undeniable advantage, in that it routinely performs manual searches through the Office’s files and archives. A manual search includes a review of patents and published patent applications classified in a particular class or subclass, or across multiple areas covering the technology in question. This manual search method includes on-site research in the search room of the USPTO along with personal consultation with Patent Examiners.
  • Library Searching – In addition to the databases and archives of the USPTO, KramerAmado searches for relevant prior art and documents across several other library resources in the Washington, DC area surrounding our main office. These non-patent libraries include, but are not limited to, the Library of Congress, the National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, as well as local technical libraries and those at the University of Maryland, George Washington University and Georgetown University.
  • Searching in Conjunction with Foreign Associates – KramerAmado has developed advantageous relationships with foreign associates in leading intellectual property countries, especially Europe and Japan. These associates range from attorneys to patent agents, allowing for effective utilization of international contacts and non-patent literature in countries around the world.